malaria

Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is spreading all over the world. Malaria is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito name as Anopheles mosquito. Infected mosquitoes carry the Plasmodium parasite. The people get affected when they get a bite from the mosquito, the parasite is released into your body bloodstream. Once the parasites are inside your body are inserted, then it will travel to the liver, the place where they develop. After some days or some weeks, the mature parasites enter the bloodstream and start to infect red blood cells in your body.

Causes Of Malaria:

Malaria is caused by a type of parasite called a microscopic parasite. The parasite is transmitted by the bites of the female mosquito in the human body. Malaria is caused only by the female mosquitoes feed on blood and male mosquitoes feed on plant nectar and do not transmit the disease. Females of the mosquito genus Anopheles prefer to feed at night. They usually start searching for a meal at dusk and continue through the night until they succeed. Malaria is transmitted by blood, so it can also be transmitted through an organ transplant, a transfusion, use of shared needles or syringes.

Symptoms Of Malaria:

  • Fever and chills
  • Impaired consciousness
  • Prostration, or adopting a prone position
  • Multiple convulsions
  • Deep breathing and respiratory distress
  • Abnormal bleeding and signs of anemia

Treatment:

The most common antimalarial drugs include:

  • Artemisinin-based combination therapies
  • Chloroquine phosphate.
  • Combination of atovaquone and proguanil
  • Quinine sulfate (Qualaquin) with doxycycline
  • Mefloquine
  • Primaquine phosphate

Prevention:

  1. Take the right type of anti-malarial medicines for the country you are traveling to. The choice of anti-malarial prevention tablets will also need to take into account your medical history, age, and other concurrent medications.
  2. Protect yourself from mosquito bites by sleeping under an insecticide-treated mosquito net.​​
  3. Wear socks, long pants, long-sleeved shirts, and blouses.
  4. Spray DEET mosquito repellent onto your clothes and the exposed parts of your skin.
  5. Make sure the room doors and windows are closed properly and screened with gauze to prevent mosquitoes from getting in.
  6. Spray the room with an insecticide before entering.

You can also refer to our site to get more details about the top 10 killer disease in India. And also you can also learn about Cardiovascular disease (Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment), Respiratory disease (Cause, Symptoms, and Prevention).

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