Respiratory Disease

Respiratory disease is one of the top 10 killer diseases in India. Respiratory disease causes an immense health burden. Respiratory symptoms are common symptoms of lung or heart conditions, emotions, or injury. The medical terms for respiratory symptoms include difficulty breathing, rapid breathing, shallow breathing, deep breathing, and absence of breathing. Breathing problems may occur in conditions affecting the lungs alone or may be seen in association with more generalized conditions, such as dehydration or infections. Various conditions affect different parts of your respiratory system and feel difficult to breathe. These conditions can be chronic or infectious. Chronic lung diseases fall into one of two main classes: obstructive or restrictive. People with weakened lungs and immune systems are more vulnerable to infectious respiratory conditions. Some individuals have multiple lung conditions.

Causes:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma are common causes of respiratory symptoms. Other common causes include infections, such as pneumonia or acute bronchitis. Inflammation also causes respiratory symptoms, commonly seen in pleuritis or chronic bronchitis.

Heart conditions can lead to respiratory symptoms, especially in severe cases, such as congestive cardiac failure. Anxiety and panic attacks are common causes of respiratory symptoms and include rapid breathing that may result in hyperventilation or fainting.

Respiratory causes include:

  • Excessive exposure to smoke or other toxic substances
  • Low immune functioning
  • Smoking
  • Dust
  • Air pollution
  • Inappropriate growth of lungs before birth or during childhood

Symptoms:

  • Nasal congestion
  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath lasting for more than a week
  • Scratchy or sore throat

Prevention:

  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Stay active
  • Wear a surgical mask if required
  • Avoid going to polluted areas.

You can refer here to learn more about cardiovascular disease causes, symptoms, and treatment.

 

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