Typhoid Fever – Causes, Symptoms And Prevention

Typhoid Fever – Causes, Symptoms And Prevention

Typhoid Fever is a bacterial infection which is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi.  When the person consuming the bacteria containing food or water then typhoid fever develops in that person. Typhoid fever most commonly found in developing countries and it affects nearly 21 million peoples every year. Typhoid fever is generally called as Typhoid.

Causes:

Typhoid fever is transmitted from human to human only and it is not spread from the animals. Typhoid fever spread by using a toilet contaminated with bacteria and touching your mouth before washing your hands or eating seafood which is contaminated by infected poo or eating raw vegetables that have been fertilized with human waste or contaminated milk products or using the things of the infected persons.

Symptoms Of Typhoid Fever:

  • Fever as high as 103–104°F (39–40°C).
  • Weakness
  • Stomach pain
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches
  • Sweating
  • Dry cough
  • Loss of weight
  • Rash
  • Extremely swollen stomach

Typhoid Vaccines Recommended by WHO:

  •  An injectable vaccine named typhoid conjugate vaccine (TCV) which consisting of Vi polysaccharide antigen linked to tetanus toxoid protein and it is used for children from age above 6 months and used for adults up to 45 years of age.
  • Polysaccharide vaccine is another injectable vaccine that is based on the purified Vi antigen (known as Vi-PS vaccine). It is prescribed to use for persons whose age is two years and above.

Prevention:

  • Safe drinking water, improved sanitation, and adequate medical care can help you to prevent and control typhoid fever.
  • Typhoid fever vaccination. Currently, two vaccines are available to help prevent the spread of typhoid fever which we have discussed above.
  • Avoiding food that is raw or undercooked
  • Drink only bottled water
  • Wash your hands every time before eating
  • Avoid raw fruits and vegetables

You can also refer to our Live Home Blog site to get more details about the top 10 killer disease in India. And also you can also learn about Cardiovascular disease (Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment)Respiratory disease (Cause, Symptoms, and Prevention)Malaria (Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, And Prevention).

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